Fish Consumption Studies

Recent Fish Consumption Studies – US EPA download PDF containing all articles…

Burger, J; Stephens, WL, Jr.; Boring, CS; et al. (1999) Factors in exposure assessment: ethnic and socioeconomic differences in fishing and consumption of fish caught along the Savannah River. Risk Anal 19(3):427-438.

May, H; Burger, J. (1996) Fishing in a polluted estuary: fishing behavior, fish consumption, and potential risk. Risk Anal 16(4):459-471.

Jacobs, HL; Kahn, HD; Stralka, KA; et al. (1998) Estimates of per capita fish consumption in the U.S. based on the continuing survey of food intake by individuals (CSFII). Risk Anal 18(3):283-291.

U.S. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). (1999) Asian & Pacific Islander seafood consumption study in King County, WA. Region 10; Seattle, Washington; EPA 910/R-99-
003.  Available from:

Toy, KA; Polissar, NL; Liao, S; et al. (1996) A fish consumption survey of the Tulalip and Squaxin Island tribes of the Puget Sound region. Tulalip Tribes, Department of Environment, 7615 Totem Road, Margsville, WA 98271.

Wilson, ND; Shear, NM; Paustenbach, DJ; et al. (1998) The effect of cooking practices on the concentration of DDT and PCB compounds in the edible tissue of fish. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 8(3):423-440.


Fish Consumption articles from the US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health

Costs of Regional Fish/Seafood Consumption Surveys

Download Fish consumption survey cost table and references word document.

Survey Year Completed Cost at Completion Inflation Factor Cost in 2012 Dollars Notes
Columbia River Intertribal Fish Commission Survey of the Yakama, Warm Springs, Umatilla, and Nez Perce Tribes 1994 $400,000 1.59 $1,817,000 total,

Sum of:

· $636,000 grant monies

·      $1,181,000 in kind contributions

$400,000 is only the EPA grant money made available for the survey. It does not include substantial EPA management and technical staff time, tribal expenditures, and other in-kind contributions. The cost estimate includes a valuation of in kind donations based on 65% of allocated grant monies. Survey administered over a limited period of time. Food frequency questionnaire.
Colville Tribal Survey In progress $4,250,000 NA $4,250,000 This survey was a comprehensive resource survey of which fish consumption was only one component. Survey administered over the course of a year to assess impact of seasonality. Food frequency questionnaire and modeling of 24 hour recall results.
Upper Columbia RI/FS Recreational Angler Survey 2012 $376,000 NA $376,000 The survey used a different methodology than the others. It was an in field angler survey with a diary component for individuals that reported consuming substantial amounts of self harvested fish.  Survey administered over a limited period of time.   Food frequency questionnaire.
Asian Pacific Islander Fish Consumption in King County 1999 $750,000 1.408 $1,056,000 EPA grants for the project totaled $280,000. The figure of $750,000 represents the total of grants and the dollar value of in-kind support. The survey involved extensive development work and coordination with Asian/Pacific Islander community organizations for many ethnicities.   Survey administered over a limited period of time. Food frequency questionnaire.
Suquamish Survey 2001 $250,000 1.333 $333,250 Grants for the project totaled $100,000. In-kind support was estimated at $150,000. Food frequency questionnaire.
Toy et al. Survey of Tulalip and Squaxin Island Tribes 1996 $120,000 1.508 $180,960 This cost estimate does not include costs for survey development by the University of Washington School of Public Health. Nor does it include the time spent by the technical panel overseeing the survey.   Salaries for senior technical staff would greatly increase this cost estimate. Survey administered over a limited period of time. Food frequency questionnaire.
Idaho Tribal Surveys 2015 $2,000,000 (approximately) NA NA Surveys of current fish consumption by the Nez Perce and Shoshone Bannock Tribes using FFQ and NCI approaches. Analysis of heritage consumption rates for the Coeur d’Alene, Kootenai, Nez Perce, and Shoshone Bannock Tribes. Peer review. Extensive coordination between tribes, tribal consortia, EPA, three consulting firms, and Idaho Department of Environmental Quality. Survey administered over the course of a calendar year to assess impact of seasonality. Food frequency questionnaire and modeling of short term dietary recall data.
Seldovia and Sun’aq surveys Seldovia (2013)

Sun’aq (in progress)

Currently $75,000 for each survey. Sun’aq may be spending more NA NA Extensive work being undertaken by participating villages. Very limited consultant support. Surveys administered over the course of a few days.   Food frequency questionnaire.


CRITFC (Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission). “A Fish Consumption Survey of the Umatilla, Nez Perce, Yakama, and Warm Springs Tribes of the Columbia River Basin.” Technical Report 94-3. Portland, Oregon. 1994.

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, 2008. Human Health Focus Group Report Oregon Fish and Shellfish Consumption Rate Project

Polissar N, A Salisbury, C Ridolfi, K Callahan, M Neradilek, D Hippe, WH Beckley. 2015. A Fish Consumption Survey of the Shoshone-Bannock and Nez Perce Tribes. (Separate 3 volume sets are available for each Tribe). Reports are currently posted on the website of the Idaho Department of Environmental Conservation,

Volume I—Heritage Rates

Volume II—Current Fish Consumption Survey

Volume III—Appendices to Current Fish Consumption Survey

Sechena, R, C Nakano, S Liao, N Polissar, R Lorenzana, S Truong, and R Fenske. “Asian and Pacific Islander Seafood Consumption Study in King County, Washington.” EPA 910/R-99-003. May 1999.

Seldovia Village Tribe, Environmental Department. 2013. Assessment of Cook Inlet Tribes Subsistence Consumption. Authored by T Merrill and M Opheim for the SVT Council.

The Suquamish Tribe. 2000. “Fish Consumption Survey of the Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Indian Reservation.” Puget Sound Region. August 2000. Report writing group: M. Duncan, N.L. Polissar, S. Liao, D. LaFlamme.

Tooze et al., Webinar on the NCI method:

Toy, KA, NL Polissar, S Liao, GD Mittelstaedt. 1996. A Fish Consumption Survey of the Tulalip and Squaxin Island Tribes of the Puget Sound Region. Tulalip Tribes, Department of Environment, 7615 Totem Beach Road, Marysville, Washington 98271.

Washington Dept. of Ecology. 2013. Fish Consumption Rates Technical Support Document, A Review of Data and Information about Fish Consumption in Washington, Version 2.0, Final Publication No. 12-09-058.